.  Legislations in Egypt Overall summary 

.   Management Authority  - Egypt 

.   Latest news and reports

.  relative links :  Protection Laws Wildlife US

.  Legislations for domestic animals in Egypt

 .  Legislations in Egypt updated Dec. 2012

 Prime Minister Ministerial decree #1095 for year 2011

thanks to Egyptian Customs Authority for supplying this 

Amended law 9 - updates:  Dec. 2012 

thanks to Egyptian Customs Authority for supplying this, thank you also to the contribution of Dr. Mahmoud Fouad, Marine Mammals  

Annex 4.doc Annex 4.doc
Size : 242.5 Kb
Type : doc


Law 4 for the Protection of the Environment
Amended by Law 9/2009
Download Law in Arabic   
Download Exec. Regulation in Arabic





Law 4/1994, has a greater role with respect to all governmental sectors as a whole. The law has been designated as the highest coordinating body in the field of the environment that will formulate the general policy and prepare the necessary plans for the protection and promotion of the environment. It will also, follow-up the implementation of such plans with competent administrative authorities. 
The laws and regulations covering the governmental sector that can be grouped according to the pollutant emissions from various activities.

The Environmental Protection Law has defined the responsibilities of the agency in terms of the following:

. Preparation of draft legislation and decrees pertinent to environmental management. 
. Collection of data both nationally and internationally on the state of the environment. 
. Preparation of periodical reports and studies on the state of the environment. 
. Formulation of the national plan and its projects. 
. Preparation of environmental profiles for new and urban areas, and setting of standards to be used in planning for their development. 
. Preparation of an annual report on the state of the environment to be prepared to the President.

The original text of the Act is in Arabic, and it is the one authorized official version.
The English translation can, therefore, only be considered as an aid to information dissemination.

Some provisions of the Executive Regulation of Law 4 were amended by Prime Minister's Decree No. 1741 of 2005.
Some provisions of Law 4 were amended by Law 9/2009.


Archive of Law 4 Before Amendments of Law9/2009

Download English translation of Law4 (Before Amendments)

Download Law4 in Arabic (Before Amendments)

Archive of the Executive Regulation of Law 4 Before Amendments of 2005

Download the Executive Regulation in English (Before Amendments)

Download the Executive Regulation in Arabic (Before Amendments)

Egypt has joined the CITES convention in 04/04/1978

Wildlife in Egypt legislations has undergone many changes, last, law 9, year 2009 are under the protection of EEAA, Egyptian environmental Affairs Agency – Ministry of Environment.

 The law was passed August and we count much on changes to happen soon.

 We work with EEAA and with international lobby to attain enforcement of wildlife protection in Egypt.

 .  Management Authority  - Egypt

Management Authority / Autoridad Administrativa / Organe de gestion


1.  Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation
Attn: Dr 

Head of the Egyptian Management Authority for CITES and Standing Committee
Egyptian Wild Life Service
Giza Zoo

Tel: +20 2 (3) 774 04 44
Fax: +20 2(3) 572 76 12
Email: wild.lfegy@yahoo.com

Scientific Authorities / Autoridades Cientيficas / Autorités scientifiques


1.  Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation
Attn: Military General Dr. Osama Selim

Chief of the General Organization for Veterinary Services
1, Nadi El-Said Street
P.O. Box 12619

Tel: +20  2(3) 749 49 61; 748 17 50
Fax: +20  2(3) 336 17 27
Email: govs@idsc.gov.eg

2.  Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs

Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)
Department of Nature Protection
30, Misr Helwan El-Zyrae Rd
P.O. Box 11728

Tel: +20 2(2) 524 87 92
Fax: +20 2(2) 736 92 65
Email: protectorates@eeaa.gov.eg


3.  Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation
Attn: President of Agricultural Research Centre (ARC)
9, Gamaa Street
1, Nadi El-Said Street
P.O. Box 12619

Tel: +20 (2) 572 09 44; 572 20 96
Fax: +20 (2) 572 26 09; 573 73 25

.  Protection Law Summaries, US Fish and Wildlife Service 

Protection Law Summaries in US:  Source US Fish and Wildlife Service




There are several laws that have been adopted to regulate the import, export, and sale of wildlife. There are also laws that protect species from various forms of inhumane treatment, including capturing and killing.  The following summaries were taken from the US Fish & Wildlife Service, Division of Law Enforcement.


Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 668-668C).

This Act makes it illegal to import, export, or take bald or golden eagles, or to sell, purchase, or barter their parts, or products made from them, including their nests or eggs.

Migratory Bird Treaty Act (16 U.S.C. 703-712).

Except as allowed by implementing regulations, this Act makes it unlawful to pursue, hunt, kill, capture, possess, buy, sell, purchase, or barter any migratory bird, including the feathers or other parts, nests, eggs, or migratory bird products.

Lacey Act (18 U.S.C. 42; 16 U.S.C. 3371-3378).

This Act provides authority to the Secretary of the Interior to designate injurious wildlife and ensure the humane treatment of wildlife shipped to the United States. Further, it prohibits the importation, exportation, transportation, sale, or purchase of fish and wildlife taken or possessed in violation of State, Federal, Indian tribal, and foreign laws. The Amendments strengthen and improve the enforcement of Federal wildlife laws and improve Federal assistance to the States and foreign governments in the enforcement of their wildlife laws. Also, the act provides an important tool in the effort to gain control of smuggling and trade in illegally taken fish and wildlife.

Marine Mammal Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 1361-1407).

This Act establishes a moratorium on the taking and importation of marine mammals, including parts and products, and defines Federal responsibility for conservation of marine mammals, with management authority vested in the Department of the Interior for the sea otter, walrus, polar bear, dugong, and manatee.

Airborne Hunting Act (16 U.S.C. 742j-1).

Section 13 of the Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 is commonly referred to as the Airborne Hunting Act, or Shooting From Aircraft Act, and prohibits taking or harassing wildlife from aircraft, except when protecting wildlife, livestock, and human health or safety, as authorized by a Federal- or State-issued license or permit.

National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966 (16 U.S.C. 668dd-668ee).

This Act constitutes an "Organic Act" for the National Wildlife Refuge System by providing guidelines and directives for administration and management of all areas in the system including "wildlife refuges, areas for the protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are threatened with extinction, wildlife ranges, game ranges, wildlife management areas, or waterfowl production areas."

Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531-1543).

This Act prohibits the importation, exportation, taking, and commercialization in interstate or foreign commerce of fish and wildlife, and plants that are listed as threatened or endangered species. The Act also implements the provisions of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Antarctic Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 2401).

The purpose of the Act is to provide for the conservation and protection of the fauna and flora of Antarctica and of the ecosystem upon which such fauna and flora depend. The primary prohibitions of the Act make it unlawful for any United States citizen to take any native bird or mammal in Antarctica or to collect any native plant from any specially protected area within Antarctica. In addition, the Act makes it unlawful for any United States citizen or any foreign person in the United States to possess, sell, offer for sale, deliver, receive, carry, transport, import, export, or attempt to import or export from the United States any native mammal or bird taken in Antarctica or any plant collected in any specially protected area.

African Elephant Conservation Act (16 U.S.C. 4201-4245).

The purpose of the Act is to provide additional protection for the African elephant. The Act establishes an assistance program to elephant producing countries of Africa and provides for the establishment of an African Elephant Conservation Fund. In addition, the Act places a moratorium on the importation of raw or worked ivory from African elephant producing countries that do not meet certain criteria found in the Act.

Wild Bird Conservation Act of 1992 (16 U.S.C. 4901).

The act promotes the conservation of exotic birds by encouraging wild bird conservation and management programs in countries of origin; by ensuring that all trade in such species involving the United States is biologically sustainable and to the benefit of the species; and by limiting or prohibiting imports of exotic birds when necessary to ensure that exotic wild populations are not harmed by removal for the trade.


.  Legislations for Domestic Animals (Egypt)